PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-1

One Modern Trend of PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair

The Origin of the Chandigarh Chair


In 1947, when India and Pakistan split, the original Punjab was divided into two, with the eastern part belonging to India and the western part to Pakistan. The original capital, Lahore, was divided into the jurisdiction of Pakistan. In 1949, India set aside 114.59 square kilometers of land under the Himalayas as the new capital of Punjab, named Chandigarh. Chandi means “God of Strength” and Garh means “Bunker”.

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India after independence, made a specific statement on the new urban planning and design: “The new capital city should not be neoclassical, but modern architecture and new urban planning, becoming a representative of modernization and progress.” Nehru hoped that the new capital could reflect India’s independence, get rid of the “old city and tradition fetters of the British colonial period, and gain complete freedom”.

After some twists and turns, the planning and construction of the city was entrusted to the famous French architect Le Corbusier in 1951.

Le Corbusier and Jawaharlal Nehru
Le Corbusier and Jawaharlal Nehru

As the capital of Chandigarh, the first task is to build a “government square”, which will concentrate the parliament building, the Grand Court, the Secretariat, the Governor’s Palace and some monumental buildings. Corbusier rejected the Indian government’s request to stay in India for a long time. He insisted that only his cousin Pierre Jeanneret was stationed, and the entire planning and construction could proceed smoothly.

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret
Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret

Birth of Chandigarh chair

Shortly after arriving in Chandigarh, Pierre Jeanneret simultaneously took up the task of matching furniture for public building projects. In order to cope with the temperature and insects in the Indian region, he chose cheap local wood with insect-proof and moisture-proof functions, drawing inspiration from traditional Indian handicrafts. The furniture made by local craftsmen according to his design is simple, practical, strong, cool and comfortable.

The Chandigarh chair was first used in executive offices
The Chandigarh chair was first used in executive offices

It is a pity that the Indians at that time did not realize the historical value and significance of Chandigarh chairs. People began to blindly pursue “things with luster” and this batch of furniture suffered a lot of loss and damage. These furniture, which carry the construction and development of the city of Chandigarh and are full of Nalei’s hard work, are becoming less and less.

Chandigarh chairs become popular

Until 1999, the Frenchman Eric Tashraum bought 73 of them. And he wrote a book to introduce this batch of furniture, contacted well-known galleries to exhibit, and asked auction houses to sell. Then everyone realized that Chandigarh lost a number of important cultural works. It was also from this time that the Chandigarh chair reappeared in the public eye and became more and more popular.

Eric Tashraum at his home in Paris
Eric Tashraum at his home in Paris

The Chandigarh chair is like a sculpture in the space, which is perhaps one of the important reasons why it has become a classic.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-2

Now there are also some customizable replicas of Chandigarh chairs on the market. Generally, the wood like high-quality black walnut, cherry wood, and red oak would be used to make the chair. It exists in the family space in the form of furniture and artwork, so as to spread the classics.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-3

Sometimes the rebirth of classic works is an extension of the depth of history and culture, connecting the past and focusing on the present.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-4

The interior of this hotel in St. Petersburg was designed by DE&DE Studio. In order to achieve the three functions of ventilation, natural lighting and partition at the same time, the designer chose rattan screens as partitions for each suite.

One application of Rattan Weaving in China
One application of Rattan Weaving in China

If the craftsmanship of making solid wood furniture is rough and fine. Then the craft of rattan weaving is more elegant and refined. The rattan bark peeled off from the rattan is used, which is flat and suitable, and its hardness and comfort are both suitable for the surface of the couch. After the master craftsman repeated the actions of “pressing” and “picking”, the pepper eye rattan weaving is formed, which is also a more commonly used and classic weaving shape in the manual rattan weaving process.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-5

The back of the chair and the seat are all designed to be tilted backward, and people will sink if they sit for a long time. But it is the human form created in this way that is most relaxing. Life pressure, troubles and depression can all be put aside temporarily, just sit quietly and let time slip away quietly.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-6

When the work is made, no screw and no metal components are used. Besides, the original wooden structure will not be damaged by any external force. All mortise and tenon structure connections are an extreme test of the master carpenter’s ability to control the details.

PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-7
PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-8
PE Rattan Chair: Chandigarh Chair-9



Leave a Comment

Contact Us